He was the person who suggested the utilization of reduced part of conductors to guard telegraph stations against the hits of lighting with liquefying, the slighter wires would guard equipment along with wiring in the building. In the yearlighting installations and telegraph cables can be protected by employing a variety of foil fusible essentials and wires. At the end, Thomas Alva Edison earned rights for a fuse which is an element of his electric distribution system in the year And now, this article discusses fusetypes of fuses, and its applications in various fields.
In the field of electronics or electrical, a fuse is considered as the most crucial device which is employed in various electrical circuits that give protection from the overcurrent conditions.
The device is included with a metal strip where it gets dissolved when there is a flow of an extended range of current values. Because of the metal dissolving, the circuit becomes an open circuit and disconnects the flow of power supply through the device. It is also termed as an automatic disconnection of supply that is frequently shortened to ADS. This is the cheaply available device that is implemented for protecting the electrical circuits in the conditions of either circuit short or high range of current magnitudes.
These are used to prevent the home appliances from the high current or overload damage. When the fuse gets break or damage, then an abrupt sparkle happens which may direct damage your home appliances. That is the major reason we require different types of fuses to guard our home-appliances against damage.
There are many types of fuses used for circuit protection. Fuses are generally rated in Amperes.
Even though their functionality is based on the self-production of the heat in the scenarios of additional current through their own developed electrical resistance. This can be generally achieved by making the fuse wire length to be as short as possible. As the wire length is not dependent on current rating values, the minimal length of wire imposes the minimal value of resistance. There are few characteristics for the fuses in the electric domain and those are explained as below:.
It is fabricated with a lean strip or thread of metallic wire. The connection of the Fuse in an electrical circuit is always in series.For most of us who work in the electrical design field, the question of circuit protection is omnipresent in our day-to-day efforts. There are a myriad of circuit protection technologies available that address phenomenon such as high voltage transients, inductive kick-back, capacitive coupling, high inrush currents and ground faults, just to name a few.
However, the most common circuit protection devices guard against over-current situations. As most of us already know, over-current protection is typically achieved by incorporating either a fuse or a circuit breaker within the primary power feed.
The biggest question that faces most electrical designers is which one of these devices to select for any given situation. More often than not, our selection of either fuses or circuit breakers is based on past experience and personal preference.
In the context of any given industry, past experience is usually a good guide for this selection process. However, when changing projects or moving to a new job, what may be comfortable to you, may not be appropriate for the new application. So what criteria do we use to select one or the other? The recurring argument that I have heard in favor of circuit breakers is that they are easier to reset after a failure situation has occurred.
In these situations, the convenience of resetting the breaker only serves to postpone the inevitable correction or re-design of the circuit. On the other side of the fence, the usual argument in favor of fuses is that they are dirt cheap. However, if a circuit blows fuses on a regular basis, the accumulated replacement costs associated with labor and down time can make a fuse set considerably more expensive over the long run.
Additionally, if a fuse set is specified as an integral part of a power disconnect, then the cost is comparable to the equivalent circuit breaker arrangement. It should come as no surprise that both fuses and circuit breakers have their pros and cons. Circuit breakers certainly have some very favorable attributes. Another attractive attribute of breakers is that they are inherently safe.
The electrical connections are typically located behind a protective panel, which completely eliminates any possibility of electrocution. This feature is quite valuable, especially in those situations when non-electrical personnel are required to service the equipment.
A third feature is that they usually provide a visual indicator when they have tripped. For many professionals, fuse sets also have a number of desirable attributes. As mentioned previously, they are particularly inexpensive when compared to their breaker counterparts.
Wires are usually connected with integral screw-type terminal blocks. In addition to their mechanical simplicity, the electrical flexibility that fuses provide can be a considerable asset, especially when working with unique circuits. In these cases, the selected fuse can be quickly changed for another unit that is better suited for the application.
A good example of this is a machine that has a high power-up surge current. The original fuse specified may be quite adequate for the run current, but may blow each time the circuit is energized. A fuse set allows the technician to quickly correct the situation at the minimal cost of a few new fuses. The original fuses are simply replaced with time delay, or slow-blow, units carrying the same current rating and the problem is instantaneously corrected.
In that case, the breaker must be removed and replaced with an entirely new unit with a rating appropriate to the conditions.Fuses are the protectors, these are the safety devices which are used to protect the home appliances like televisions, refrigerators, computers with damage by high voltage.
The fuse is made up of thin strip or strand of metal, whenever the heavy amount of current or an excessive current flow is there in an electrical circuit, the fuse melts and it opens the circuit and disconnects it from the power supply. Also, it works as a circuit breaker or stabilizer which protects the device from damage. In the market, many types, features, and design of fuses are available nowadays.
Fuses are used for the prevention of home appliances from the short circuit and damage by overload or high current etc. The lives of television, computers, radios and other home appliances may also put at risk. When the fuse goes, a sudden spark occurs which may lead to turning your home into sudden darkness by disconnecting the power supply which saves any further mishappenings.
The fuses work on the principle of the heating effect of the current. This is connected between the ends of the terminals. Fuse is always connected in series with the electrical circuit. When the excessive current or heat is generated due to heavy current flows in the circuit, the fuse melts down due to the low melting point of the element and it opens the circuit.
The excessive flow may lead to the breakdown of wire and stops the flow of current. The fuse can be replaced or changed with the new one with suitable ratings.
They also act as a circuit breaker which is used to break the circuit when the sudden fault occurs in the circuit. This is not only a protector but it is also used as a safety measure to prevent humans from hazards. So, this is how the fuse operates. Here is the figure is shown fuse operation, fuse barrel containerfuse link. There are some of the important characteristics of the fuses in the electrical and electronic system which are as follows This graph shows the temperature versus the current carrying capacity of the fuse.
This results that, increase in temperature will decrease the current carrying capacity of the fuse. Further, they are divided into many categories given in the flowchart below Generally, there are two types of fuses AC fuses are further categorized into two parts, i. All types of high voltage fuses are used upon the rated voltage up to 1. When heat generated, the arc produces which causes the boric acid to evolve high amount of gases. Here are some applications in which fuses are used, i.
In a TV programme I saw an ancient below ground water tank, built of bricks in normal overlapping bond, in which there is a brick panel bounded by two vertical straight joints, creating a weak point. If the water pressure became too great, the panel would give way first, so the other walls in the tank would be protected from damage.
Do you know of any other type of mechanical fuse? What are fuses?The moving fuse is not preferred any longer. For quite some time, 'quad-break' Fuse combination units have been prevalent, in which the fuse is completely isolated by 4 breaks. To add to what Mr. KVS has excellently depicted pictorially, I shall add the following few words. The fuse is stationery. The fuses are moving and the moving fuse performs the switching action.
New Post. Comments Format:. Subscribe to Discussion :. CR4 allows you to "subscribe" to a discussion so that you can be notified of new comments to the discussion via email. Rating Vote:. Score 1 Score 2 Score 3 Score 4 Score 5. Add Vote. Interested in this topic? By joining CR4 you can "subscribe" to this discussion and receive notification when new comments are added. Comments rated to be Good Answers: These comments received enough positive ratings to make them "good answers".
Here it is. For what it is worth. Obsolete now. No more Good Answers.
What is Fuse : Different Types and Its Applications
Copy to Clipboard Users who posted comments: electricalexpert65 2 ; kvsridhar 1 ; soebfatehi 1. Ask a Question Start a Discussion. Next in Forum: Temperature Effects on Battery.
Change Mode. Rate this. Comments: Nested. Anonymous Poster 1.A "fused switch" is a switch in series with a fuse in a single housing. The fuse and the switch are essentially separate. A "switched fuse" is switch containing a fuse, usually mounted in a carrier and the fuse and carrier physically move when switching occurs. A "switch fuse" is a fuse that goes into a fused switch!
The difference of calcium chloride and fused calcium chloride is the bond acting on their molecules. The fused calcium chloride is fused while the calcium chloride is not fused. Fused silica is an engineering-quality, amorphous version of quartz. Brine is water solution of sodium chloride. Unfused tetanus is a partial depletion of tension between stimuli.
Fused tetanus is where a muscle reached maximum tension with frequency of stimulation being increased. In the adult skeleton the coxal bones have fused ischium, pubic, and iliumwhile in the fetal skeleton these bones have not fused. In theory no difference- both are CaCl2.
However in practise fused is sold with a higher moisture content usually. Fused CaCl2 is just the hydrate heated up to expel water - this gives the "anhydrous" form. So if you analyse it you invariably find water!
I believe that an isolator should only be used to isolate supplies that are not under load, while a switch fuse can isolate the supply that the fuse protects. A fused switch can isolate a three phase supply where a switch fuse might not in fault conditions.
This is because three phase faults can occur with only one phase going down and larger currents occurring?? Fusion is when something is being put together, or fused together. Fission is where things are being pulled apart. Most headlights are not fused they are wired direct thru the headlight switch Is your switch bad?? The headlights are not fused. The headlight switch has a built in circuit breaker. Either the keyswitch has failed or the contacts inside the starter have fused.
It is on a fused circuit usaually with the dome light and beeper that sounds when the door is open and after you start the vehicle. What I think is that fusion cell cloning is when an empty ovum has any sort of cell fused into it by a mild electric shock, while adult cell cloning is only when a sperm is taken from an adult cell is fused into the empty ovum. Headlights are not fused.Premium Membership. Study specialized technical articles, electrical guides, and papers.
Various types of device are available for carrying out the switching and protection tasks listed under title that are specially designed to fulfill the respective requirements. The various parts of IEC Low voltage switchgear and controlgear specify the design, performance and test features of the devices. The disconnector is a mechanical device that fulfills in the open position the requirements specified for the isolation function IEC The key factor here is the opening distance. Isolation must be guaranteed from pole to pole and from input to output, whether this is by means of a visible isolation gap or by suitable design features within the device mechanical interlocking mechanism.
It must also be equipped with an indicator device in relation to the position of the movable contacts. This is to be verified by testing. According to IECan isolator must only be able to make and break a circuit, if either a current of negligible size is switched on or off, or if during switching no noticeable voltage difference between the terminals of each pole occurs. Under normal conditions it can conduct operational currents as well as under abnormal conditions larger currents e.
The isolator function can be realized with a variety of devices such as for example in disconnectors, fuse-disconnectors, switch-disconnectors, fuse-switch disconnectors and circuit breakers with isolating function.
Short-circuit currents can be conducted high short-circuit withstand capacitybut not be switched-off. Switch disconnectors combine the properties of load switches and disconnectors. Circuit breakers are mechanical switching devicescapable of making, carrying and breaking currents under normal circuit conditions and also making, carrying for a specified time and breaking currents under specified abnormal circuit conditions such as those of short-circuit IEC They thus also fulfill the requirements of load switches.
Circuit breakers are often designed so that they can fulfill the requirements for disconnectors. I am not seeing any purpose of the Switch disconnectors.
I mean when the load switch will open, it would isolate the main circuit of the switchgear automatically. Can you clear the the purpos of it more?
Fuses or Circuit Breakers: Which should you use?
Thank you. I should be able to provide a scenario for the purpose of switch disconnectors with regards to the UK railway. From a railway perspective, each overhead line electrical section is supplied via circuit breakers. Because of this, the electrical sections are typically split into multiple sub-sections where these sub-sections are traditionally electrically separated via switch disconnectors.
The switch disconnectors are used as they are cheap and simple, however they have the drawback that they are not load-breaking.
Thus to use these disconnectors, the circuit breaker is to be opened first before the switch can be opened to ensure the life of the disconnectorswith the circuit breaker re-closed after all relevant disconnectors are opened. Take note that new electrification schemes in the UK are now installing load-break switches instead of switch disconnectors such that the process I mentioned is not required.
Am so glad for providing this articles to help reposition someone like me in the field of Electrical. Hi, Can you please let me know how can we select the rating of Disconnector switch in primary of Power transformer e. Unless this is defined, the subject is not fully understood.
What you have done is simply quote from IEC and nothing more. I actually forget which alternative is correct, I apologize. It is useful to become accustomed to reading these standards.You have an impressive list of tips. Good work, keep it up!!. I already try to be environmentally friendly but this brought a lot to my attention that I had not thought of.
Oil your hair before washing it (I use olive oil). You can leave it for as little as half an hour or overnight if you need a really intense mask.
Some people use old newspaper. In fact, I have an entire chapter in my book about strategies for how to handle feeling overwhelmed. Thank you for the inspiration. Here is my new post about microfibers. Thank you for all the suggestions, clearly much research and care goes into your work. I never thought of requesting sellers of online purchases I make not use plastic packaging, I will begin doing that. Thank you for the great article. And kitchen appliances, which sole purpose is to be bought.
This is a great article (writes the woman who is typing on plastic keys. Hope you like and share with your audience and spread awareness as you are doing since so many years. It may last for YEARS when used for menstrual flow. Just a couple of things- glass straws seem a bit fragile- they make some awesome stainless steel ones.
Another alternative for menstrual products that are plastic-free is a website called Partypantspads. I started using them and love it. Im concerned with your suggestion of recycled toilet paper.